How do chemical peels work?
Chemical peels work by dissolving keratin cementing dead skin cells together. Cells at the basal layer of the skin are stimulated to produce new cells (increasing the rate of cell turnover). This process improves the hydration and texture of the skin due to the increase of natural moisture. Inflammation due to irritated or congested skin is reduced.
Enzymes such as the papain enzyme (from raw papaya) are used and can help dissolve dead skin cells, loosen deep cellular debris, and exfoliate. This peel leaves the skin more vibrant, clearer in tone, and smooth skin texture. The enzyme peel is safe for sensitive skin and those having their first-time peel. The peel can be useful to improve mild acne and sun damaged skin.
Salicylic acid is a Beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) that is commonly used to treat acne/oily skins. Salicylic acid targets the superficial layer of the skin. It breaks the bonds holding the cells of the skin together. The skin will then shed away and new skin cells will re-generate. Salicylic acid peels are very effective for dull and lifeless skin in need of exfoliation. The peel can improve acne and congested skin by getting deep into the pores and clearing out congestion.
Lactic acid is an effective chemical exfoliant and hydrator. It is the only Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that is naturally occurring in the human skin. This means that receptors on the skin recognise lactic acid and naturally metabolise it; making it a gentle form of peel. The peel will loosen surfaces of dry and rough skin and stimulate the production of collagen in deeper layers; leading to new smooth skin. This peel is useful to improve hyperpigmentation, fade dark spots, improve appearance of wrinkles and lines and improve acne.
Jessners peel is made up of a formulation containing 14% salicylic acid, 14% resorcinol and 14% lactic acid. It is a superficial/very superficial treatment which targets the outer layer of the skin known as the epidermis. It is useful in treating oily congested skin, acne, sun damage, freckles, fine lines and wrinkles. We recommend 3 to 6 fortnightly or monthly treatments for general rejuvenation.